Knowledge of the pre-Wycliffite English renditions stems from the many actual manuscripts that have survived and from secondary literature, such as book lists, wills, citations by later authors, and references in polemical works that have preserved the memory of many a translation effort. Origins and basic characteristics English belongs to the Indo-European family of languages and is therefore related to most other languages spoken in Europe and western Asia from Iceland to India.
History[ change change source ] As its name suggests, the English language began in England. They made their home in the south and east of the island, pushing out the Celtic Britons who were there before them, or making them speak the English language instead of the old Celtic languages.
Some people still speak Celtic languages today, in Wales Welsh and elsewhere. Irish Gaelic is spoken by very few people today. The Germanic dialects of these different tribes became what is now called Old English. The word "English" comes from the name of the Angles: Old English did not sound or look much like the English spoken today.
If English speakers today were to hear or read a passage in Old English, they would understand just a few words. The closest language to English that is still used today is Frisianspoken by aboutpeople living in the NetherlandsGermany and Denmark.
It is much like English, and many words are the same. The two languages were even closer before Old English changed to Middle English. Today, speakers of the two languages would not be able to understand each other. Dutch is spoken by over 20 English langu people, and is more distant from English.
German is even bigger, and even more distant. All these languages belong to the same West Germanic family as English. Many other people came to England later at different times, speaking different languages, and these languages added more words to make today's English.
For example, around AD, many Danish and Norse piratesalso called Vikingscame to the country, established Danelaw.
and norms in the practice of English langu- the practice of English language teaching age teaching. The insertion of the local can be in the forms of selecting materials cultural values can be an alternative way of containing the local culture norms and preparing the learners’ cultural back- values and also giving additional expla-. English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in Anglo-Saxon England in the early Middle pfmlures.com is now the third most widely used language in the world, behind Mandarin and Spanish.. It is spoken in many countries around the world. Anglophone countries include the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, Ireland, . Welcome to Langu. Learn IELTS, English, Spanish, French, Italian, German & more online with a real teacher in a real classroom - no matter where you are.
So, English got many Norse loanwords. Their languages were Germanic languageslike Old English, but are a little different. They are called the North Germanic languages. When William the Conqueror took over England in AD, he brought his nobleswho spoke Normana language closely related to French.
English changed a lot because it was mostly being spoken instead of written for about years, because all official documents were written in Norman French.
English borrowed many words from Norman at that time, and also began to drop the old word endings. English of this time is called Middle English. Geoffrey Chaucer is a well known writer of Middle English. After more sound changes, Middle English became Modern English. Because scientists from different countries needed to talk to one another, they chose names for scientific things in the languages they all knew: Those words came to English also, for example, photography "photo-" means "light" "and "-graph " means "picture" or "writing", in Greek.
English grammar has also changed, becoming simpler and less Germanic. The classic example is the loss of case in grammar. Grammatical case shows the role of a noun, adjective or pronoun in a sentence. In Latin and other Indo-European languages this is done by adding suffixesbut English usually does not.
The style of English is that meaning is made clear more by context and syntax. The history of the British Empire has added to the spread of English. English is an important language in many places today.
Because the United Kingdom the country where England is and the United States have historically been powerful in commerce and governmentmany people find it helpful to learn English to communicate in science, business, and diplomacy.
English literature has many famous stories and plays. William Shakespeare was a famous English writer of poems and plays.
His English is Early Modern Englishand not quite like what people speak or write today. Early Modern English sounded different, partly because the language was beginning a "great vowel shift".
Later, many short stories and novels also used English. The novel as we know it is first seen in 18th century English. Spelling differences[ change change source ] Written English uses a strange spelling.
Different words can use the same letters and combinations for very different sounds. For example, "-ough" was once a guttural but has become different in "through" threw"rough" ruff"dough" doe or "cough" coff.Welcome to pfmlures.com, your online resource for research, statistics and the latest news surrounding the issue of making English the official language of the United States.
As the nation's oldest and largest non-partisan citizens' action group. English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in Anglo-Saxon England in the early Middle pfmlures.com is now the third most widely used language in the world, behind Mandarin and Spanish..
It is spoken in many countries around the world. Anglophone countries include the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, Ireland, . The name of “langu” is inspired by the word “language”.
It is a part of this word and that’s the philosophy behind this project – be a part of the world, by learning new languages. History of English This page is a short history of the origins and development of the English language The history of the English language really started with the arrival of three Germanic tribes who invaded Britain during the 5th century AD.
Find the right language teacher and take a private lesson in our virtual classroom (even easier than Skype lessons)! English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in Anglo-Saxon England in the early Middle pfmlures.com is now the third most widely used language in the world, behind Mandarin and Spanish..
It is spoken in many countries around the world. Anglophone countries include the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand and a number of Caribbean nations.